Farmers in western Kansas are worried a spring blizzard that dumped as much as two feet of snow destroyed much of this year’s wheat crop.
Kansas is the No. 1 wheat state in the country. About 20 percent of the nation’s wheat crop last year was grown by Kansas farmers.
The heavy snow and cold temperatures delivered a one-two punch to a crop that had been in good shape. Rick Horton, who farms 3,000-4,000 acres of wheat in southwest Kansas near Leoti, says he’s expecting massive losses.
“I would say it’s, like, 80 percent gone,” Horton says. “Until we get the snow off and see if any of it’s going to come back up, that’s not a for sure deal—but right now it looks really bad.”
If the weather damage is as extensive as feared, Horton says many farmers will probably opt to collect crop insurance, destroy the wheat, and plant something else, rather than continue to invest in raising a damaged crop.
“This is going to be a really tough call,” Horton says. “Nobody’s going to go spray anything to prevent rust on this wheat, if it looks like 35-bushel (per acre) wheat, best case scenario—and that’s probably really what we’re looking at.”
Romulo Lollato, Wheat and Forages Extension Specialist at Kansas State University, says this weekend’s storm came at a particularly bad time for many farmers. Wheat that was in its later developmental stages was most at-risk from both freezing and stem breakage.
“I talked to several wheat farmers out in western Kansas the last few days, and whenever they dig through that snow, they’re seeing some of the stems already broken, so I think the situation is not good,” Lollato says.
The crop was also exposed to sub-freezing temperatures for much of the weekend, Lollato says. However, Rick Horton says he put temperature sensors in his fields, and measured soil temperatures before the snowfall at about 50 degrees Fahrenheit. He says heat from the ground kept temperatures beneath the snow cover at about 31 degrees. Wheat that was not too far developed may be able to survive those temperatures, while wheat that was not covered in snow may have been exposed to temperatures as low as 25 degrees.
Still, Lollato and Horton both say it’s too soon to write off this year’s wheat crop. They want to see what it looks like in a few more days.
“I mean, wheat is an amazing plant. It recovers from a lot of different things,” Horton says. “This was impressive what happened to it. It looks like we went through a hail storm —that’s what the kind of damage looks like. That’s the kind of breakage that we’re seeing.”
Lollato says it’s possible that plants that didn’t break will recover.
“We really need to wait, and give the crop some time to see how it’s going to react,” Lollato says. “It’s not going to be pretty, but the actual yield loss we still need to wait until that snow melts so we can have a better picture of it.”
Lollato says the parts of the state affected by the blizzard account for about 40 per cent of the state’s wheat acreage.