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U.S. Justice Department sues Missouri over law restricting federal firearms laws enforcement

Gov. Mike Parson celebrates signing HB 85 which invalidates federal gun laws in Missouri. He signed the bill in front of a crowd at Frontier Justice in Lee's Summit on Saturday.
Carlos Moreno
KCUR 89.3
Laws similar to Missouri Second Amendment Protection Act are being considered in at least 15 states.

The suit comes as the Missouri Supreme Court considers a challenge to Missouri’s Second Amendment Preservation Act (SAPA) from St. Louis, St. Louis County and Jackson County.

A controversial Missouri gun law that penalizes police for enforcing federal gun laws is facing a new legal challenge from the U.S. Justice Department.

On Wednesday, the department filed suit to prevent Missouri from enforcing its Second Amendment Preservation Act (SAPA), a law that allows citizens to file suit for up to $50,000 if they believe their Second Amendment rights were violated by police enforcing federal gun laws.

In a statement, Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Brian M. Boynton, head of the Justice Department’s Civil Division, said Missouri cannot “simply declare federal laws invalid.”

“This act makes enforcement of federal firearms laws difficult and strains the important law enforcement partnerships that help keep violent criminals off the street."
Brian M. Boynton, U.S. Justice Department Civil Division

The Justice Department complains Missouri’s law has hindered cooperation and activities between federal, state and local law enforcement. In a statement, the department cited local police agencies leaving joint federal task forces as an example of the fallout from the law’s passage.

The complaint also argues that the law is unconstitutional due to its conflict with the “constitutional principles” of federal law supremacy. The government argues the restrictions imposed by the statute that a state does not have the power to declare a law “invalid.”

Missouri Attorney General Eric Schmitt in a statement Wednesday called the lawsuit “partisan” and said President Joe Biden’s administration is putting “politics ahead of public safety.”

“The Biden Department of Justice has now filed yet another partisan lawsuit that seeks to attack Missourians’ Second Amendment rights,” Schmitt said.

“Make no mistake, the law is on our side in this case, and I intend to beat the Biden Administration in court once again.”
Eric Schmitt, Missouri Attorney General

The federal case is the third lawsuit to challenge Missouri’s preservation act since it was passed in 2021. St. Louis, St. Louis County and Jackson County filed suit to block the law last year. The Missouri Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case last week. The plaintiffs in the suit are also arguing that the law is unconstitutional.

Separately, a suit filed by Arnold, a suburb outside of St. Louis, is backed by more than 60 Missouri police chiefs who say the law needs to be clarified so police know how they can and can’t work with federal agencies.

The law has drawn a host of critics, ranging from law enforcement agencies to gun control advocates.

Earlier this month, Missouri Police Chiefs Association President Bob Muenz said while he supports the idea of a law that protects the Second Amendment, the measure’s “lack of clarity” is making police work more difficult.

Muenz said under SAPA, Missouri police are not sure what they can and can’t do with federal agencies, causing police to end federal partnerships for fear collaborations could land their departments in court.

“It opens up law enforcement and the municipality to potential lawsuits,” Muenz said. “No department — no police chief — wants to be a test case for a lawsuit, or a supreme court case or a challenge to the legislation.”

Senior Counsel and Director of Local Policy for the gun control advocacy group Giffords Allison Anderman said SAPA laws are among the most extreme gun rights laws being passed in the country.

“This is like nothing we’ve ever seen,” Anderman said. “This is a state going after its own law enforcement officers and subjecting them to criminal liability or a bankrupting sum of money for helping to enforce laws.”

A Second Amendment Preservation Act is being considered in Iowa and 15 other states.

Sen. Zach Nunn, the Republican who introduced the Iowa legislation, said the law is a way for the state to protect itself from what he calls “federal overreaches” by the Biden administration on Second Amendment rights.

This story comes from the Midwest Newsroom, an investigative journalism collaboration including IPRKCUR 89.3Nebraska Public Media NewsSt. Louis Public Radioand NPR.

Kavahn Mansouri is the Midwest Newsroom's investigative reporter.
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