© 2021 Kansas City Public Radio
NPR in Kansas City
Play Live Radio
Next Up:
0:00
0:00
Available On Air Stations
News

Johnson County is named after a major pro-slavery advocate. A new proposal would change that

 Thomas Johnson, 1802-1865, supervisor of the Shawnee Methodist Mission in Johnson County, Kansas.
Kansas Historical Society
/
Thomas Johnson, 1802-1865, supervisor of the Shawnee Methodist Mission in Johnson County, Kansas.

Rev. Thomas Johnson was a slaveholder and led the “Bogus Legislature” that sought to install Kansas as a slave state before the Civil War. But rather than renaming Johnson County, the Charter Commission may decide to change its namesake.

Updated: November 8, 2021 at 10:43 AM CST
A proposal to begin a discussion about changing the county's namesake has been withdrawn from the Johnson County Charter Commission. The proposal's author says the Charter Commission may not be the appropriate venue for that issue, but the name change should merit future consideration.

A recommendation to consider whether Johnson County should be named after its slave owning namesake is among 18 suggested changes that have been submitted by members of the county Charter Commission for its consideration.

The list of amendments and recommendations also includes some ideas about which county races should be partisan and which should be elected — subjects that have proved controversial among people who have attended the charter commission’s recent public hearings.

The proposal to consider a name change asks the Board of County Commissioners — not the Charter Commission — to “adopt a process for meaningful consideration of Rev. Thomas Johnson as the namesake of Johnson County.”

The text of the recommendation cites the history of Thomas Johnson, who in 1855 was a pro-slavery advocate and leader of the “Bogus Legislature” seeking to install Kansas as a slave state.

The next year, he bought a 15-year-old enslaved girl named Martha and was said to have owned slaves while helping operate the Shawnee Indian Mission that he helped found.

The commissioner’s name who submitted the idea is redacted, as are the names of all the other proposal submitters.

But the submitter wrote that Johnson’s actions “do not embody the values, ideals and love of freedom of the people of Johnson County.”

“Given that the Charter Commission convenes but once a decade, we should not wait to urge the consideration of Reverend Johnson’s place in our county’s legacy,” the proposal ends.

It also notes that Johnson County, Iowa, recently changed its name for a similar reason. In that case, the name of the county stayed Johnson — it was the namesake that changed.

Johnson County, Iowa, was originally named for former U.S. Vice President Richard Johnson, a slave owner. This summer, county supervisors there unanimously changed the namesake to Lulu Merle Johnson, daughter of a formerly enslaved man and the first African American woman to earn a doctorate in history.

The text of a recommendation for the Johnson County Charter Commission to consider changing the county’s name from being the namesake of the Rev. Thomas Johnson. The name of the commissioner who submitted the idea has been redacted.
Johnson County Charter Commission
The text of a recommendation for the Johnson County Charter Commission to consider changing the county’s name from being the namesake of the Rev. Thomas Johnson. The name of the commissioner who submitted the idea has been redacted.

How the proposals will be handled

In total, the commission will consider 18 items submitted by commissioners: 15 amendments and three recommendations.

Amendments, if approved by the charter commission, would then have to win approval of residents through a countywide vote.

Recommendations, on the other hand, if approved by the charter commission, would be forwarded to the Board of County Commissioners, which could enact a change without voter approval.

The proposal to consider changing Johnson County’s name is one of the recommendations.

So, if the commission approves the name change idea, the county commissioners would decide and it would not necessarily have to go before voters, said charter commission chairman Greg Musil.

Other items up for consideration

The name change is but one of a number of potentially factious items to be considered by the 25-member Charter Commission.

None of the 18 proposals suggest the sheriff become an appointed position, the idea that prompted vehement public comment at commission hearings earlier this summer.

But the sheriff’s office does crop up in some of the proposals.

There is one amendment that suggests the sheriff be elected in a nonpartisan election and another that adds the DA to that idea, along with an additional rule that both offices be subject to the county’s personnel policies and that the county manager appoint non-elected department heads.

The commissioner or commissioners that submitted that idea wrote that the sheriff and district attorney should not be seen as serving a particular party ideology.

The flip side of that was a different amendment calling for the clerk, register of deeds and treasurer to be elected to bring the county into agreement with other large Kansas counties that do the same.

A separate amendment wanted the same for the county appraiser, saying it would make that office accountable to the voters.

Yet another amendment proposes that all county elections be partisan.

Whoever submitted that idea wrote that nonpartisan elections are “confusing to voters.” That commissioner cited unspecified research that without a party identifier, voters would sometimes vote for someone just because they liked the name, and that nonpartisan elections skew toward the interests of “the upper socioeconomic strata.”

Several speakers at the public hearings asked the commission to make the county public health director an elected job. But none of the commissioners submitted that idea.

However, there was one proposal to create a public health and safety governing board to provide oversight for the sheriff and health director.

Another proposal suggested the county commission create a Health Advisory Council for guidance when it sits as the board of public health.

One amendment was proposed as a correction on a perceived imbalance of power between commissioner districts. That change would make the county commission chairman, currently a four-year term, into a five-year term.

As things now stand, three county commission spots are up for re-election at the same time as the race for chairman. That makes it less likely that someone would run for chairmanship from those districts, the writer said. The three not running in the same year as the chairman are in the southern and western parts of the county.

Other amendments include:

  • A proposal to require approval of the county commission for hiring of all division heads.
  • A residency requirement for the director of governing board of the library, park district, mental health department, developmental services and airport.
  • Voter approval of pay and benefit increases that exceed the increase in the Consumer Price Index since the last pay and benefit increase.
The Shawnee Indian Mission Cemetery, also known as the Johnson Cemetery, sits off Shawnee Mission Parkway in Fairway. Thomas Johnson and his family are buried there.
Juliana Garcia
The Shawnee Indian Mission Cemetery, also known as the Johnson Cemetery, sits off Shawnee Mission Parkway in Fairway. Thomas Johnson and his family are buried there.

Heated discussion prior to proposals

The Charter Commission, a body convened once every decade to discuss details of the county’s home rule, has been meeting for weeks.

Much of the charter commission’s time so far has been educational as various officials and department heads have testified to commissioners about how the business of the county is done.

Two recent meetings were devoted to hearing from the public, which got heated over the suggestion that the commission consider making the sheriff’s office an appointed, rather than an elected, position.

Some public comments grew heated and one hearing in September was adjourned almost immediately after it began because a large, boisterous crowd exceeded the space’s COVID-19 safety limits.

This week was the deadline for changes submitted by charter commission members, who will begin their discussions Nov. 8.

Consideration will begin with the amendments before considering “recommendations,” items that include changing the county’s name.

The next Charter Commission meeting is at 4 p.m. on Monday, Nov. 8 at the county administration building, 111 S. Cherry Street, Olathe. The full list of proposals and more information about the commission can be read here.

KCUR serves the Kansas City region with essential news and information.
Your donation today keeps local journalism strong.