Poultry Plant Controversy Changing A Kansas Town's Politics
A deal, hatched in secret, to build a massive chicken processing plant on the outskirts of Tonganoxie, Kansas, caused a huge uproar last September. The Tyson project was promptly canceled. Despite that, all the incumbent city council members on the ballot were voted out of office in November.
The political consequences could continue with upcoming elections for the Kansas House.
“No Tyson In Tongie” signs appeared along the highway between Kansas City and Topeka last fall, as residents of the town of 5,000 protested the pollution and the strains on local infrastructure they expected the $300 million facility would bring.
“I don’t think it would have been the local population that would have been served by (the development). Mostly the smell. I was not for having Tyson here,” said Barbara Kramer, a local resident who says the controversy is still on her mind this election season. “Absolutely, yes.”
Republican Jim Karleskint, the state representative for Tonganoxie, tried to get a law passed that would have given locals more say about proposed poultry operations.
"It's an anxious issue that people don't want Tyson in the area."
That bill didn’t pass, and though Tyson has moved on, Karleskint is still hearing about it.
“A lot of people are talking about it. It’s an anxious issue that people don’t want Tyson in the area,” he said. “I think there’s a fear that they may attempt to come back. I personally don’t think it’s an issue any longer.”
For Karleskint, who’s running for reelection in the 42nd District, it might not be much of an issue. He was against the chicken plant from the start as was his primary challenger, Lance Neelly. The Democrat in the race, Thea Perry, is campaigning on other issues, particularly Medicaid expansion.
Things are different in the 38th House District next door where Democrat Stuart Sweeney is gunning for Republican Rep. Willie Dove’s seat.
“Willie just wasn’t out at the forefront,” Sweeney said. “The ones that were, you knew where they were. They were out there. Willie was absent.”
Sweeney says Tyson is one of the reasons he decided to run for the statehouse. He believes Dove only opposed the plant when it became a political liability.
“Our homes and our families and our communities are not politics. This is where we live, this is what concerns the people of the 38th District,” Sweeney said.
Dove, who’s also facing a primary challenge from Noel Hull, says he was open-minded at first — he saw the Tyson project as a potential economic development opportunity. He did not like how the deal was put together in secrecy, but wanted more information before taking a position.
"I had people throwing things in my yard because they thought I was for it."
Some of Dove’s constituents interpreted that as support.
“I had people throwing things in my yard because they thought I was for it,” Dove said. “Telephone calls and my wife said ‘no, he’s not for it. He never said he was for it.’ But yet, some people say ‘yes you were.’”
Though he says he also heard from constituents who saw potential, Dove ultimately opposed the Tyson project. And he voted along with Karelskint and the rest of the Leavenworth County delegation in the Legislature against a measure that allows poultry farmers to pack more birds closer together nearer to residential areas.
Politics are changing in Tonganoxie and Leavenworth since the Tyson controversy.
There’s a petition to expand the county commission — that approved and then rescinded bonding to support the plant — from three members to five.
The city council is now streaming its meetings on Facebook to be more transparent.
Council member Kara Reed, a Democrat, who says she too was threatened for not coming out against the Tyson project, is moving out of town.
“We’re leaving. Our house is on the market. We’ve made other arrangements for our kids for schooling,” she said. “Very shortly, I won’t be on city council anymore.”
University of Kansas political scientist Patrick Miller says the state House districts around Tonganoxie have been safe Republican seats, but they now represent a mix of rural and bedroom communities.
"You might look back and say this seemed to be an important issue in changing how this district normally turns out."
A local issue like Tyson could move the politics closer to a tipping point.
“If come Election Day, this is a surprising race or something that’s unusually close, you might look back and say this seemed to be an important issue in changing how this district normally turns out,” Miller said.
At the recent Tonganoxie Days festival, staff for state Sen. Caryn Tyson worked the crowd. She’s running for Congress in the 2nd District and her campaign seems to be aware of the political winds.
Michael Murray was making it clear that Caryn Tyson has no relation to the company Tyson.
“Caryn ain’t chicken,” he said. “We’re differentiating ourselves from the slogan that’s been in the local area.”
That persistent slogan, “No Tyson in Tongie.”
Stephen Koranda is Statehouse reporter for Kansas Public Radio, a partner in the Kansas News Service. Follow him on Twitter @kprkoranda.
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